Persons who reside in a drug addiction or alcoholic treatment and rehabilitation center may be eligible for SNAP as a separate household from others with whom they may have lived prior to entering treatment; residents must be certified as a one-person household unless their children are living with them, in which case their children must be included in the household with the parent.
For its residents to be certified for benefits, the treatment center must be publicly or privately operated as non-profit and meet one of the following conditions:
7 CFR §§271.2 and 273.11(e)(2)(i)
The treatment center must be authorized by the USDA Food and Nutrition Service as a retailer if the center wants to use the EBT card for SNAP benefits through a POS device, as a wholesaler, or
The treatment center must be funded or eligible for funding under Part B of Title XIX of the Public Health Service Act, even if it does not actually receive funding under Title XIX.
NOTE: To determine if a drug addiction or alcoholic treatment center is approved under Part B of Title XIX of the Public Health Act, the CAO should use the following link approved by the Department of Drug and Alcohol Programs for their licensed Drug and Alcohol Treatment Centers. The CAO should select their county and click "find." To meet the requirements for residents to receive SNAP benefits, the “type of ownership” column must show "non-profit" and “Activity (Added On) - Client Capacity – License Status” column must say "Inpatient Non-Hospital."
Direct questions about centers not listed in the above website to:
of Drug and Alcohol Programs
Bureau of Quality Assurance for Prevention and Treatment
Division of Drug and Alcohol Program Licensure
1 Penn Center, 5th Floor
2601 N. 3rd St.
Note: If calling, ask to speak to the person in licensure who is on call that day.
A resident of a treatment center must meet the same SNAP eligibility requirements as any other household.
7 CFR § 273.11(e)(2)
A resident of a treatment center has the same rights to receive notices of adverse action, fair hearing, and entitlement to restored benefits as any other household.
7 CFR § 273.11(e)(2)(ii)
The CAO must use expedited or normal processing, depending on the client’s income and circumstances.
7 CFR § 273.11(e)
The treatment center must choose an employee to act as an AR to apply for and get SNAP benefits. The center must spend the SNAP benefits on meals made by or for the resident and his or her children.
7 CFR § 273.11(e)(1)
The center must give the CAO monthly a list of residents who are participating in treatment at the center. An official from the center must sign a statement saying that the list is accurate. The CAO may make random on site visits to the center to make sure the list is accurate.
7 CFR § 273.11(e)(3)
The treatment center must report changes in the household's income or situation and must let the CAO know when the resident leaves the center.
7 CFR § 273.11(e)(2)(iv)
When a resident leaves the treatment center, the center must do the following:
7 CFR § 273.11(e)(5)
Notify the CAO that the resident left and that the center is no longer AR for the household. A SNAP Change Report Form (PA 239-SP) can be used for this.
Give the resident a SNAP Change Report Form (PA 239-SP).
Tell the resident to report the new address and changes in his or her situation to the CAO within 10 days.
If the center used the PA EBT ACCESS Card, it must do one of the following:
Give the resident the full monthly SNAP benefit if benefits were not spent on his or her behalf.
Give the resident one-half the monthly SNAP benefit if benefits were spent and the resident leaves the center before the 16th of the month.
Give the resident no benefits if the resident leaves the center on or after the 16th of the month and the center already spent the benefits on the resident’s behalf.
When the resident leaves, the center can no longer be the household's AR. The center must return to DHS, benefits not given to the resident.
Reissued October 6, 2022, replacing October 4, 2018