ABAWD Waiver Status at end of Public Health Emergency (PHE), EPP-21420-536 (Published July 12, 2023)
An ABAWD is an able-bodied adult without dependents. ABAWD eligibility for SNAP is limited to three countable months in a three-year period (known as the three-month time limit) unless the individual meets the ABAWD work requirement or is otherwise exempt.
7 CFR § 273.24
If an ABAWD received SNAP benefits for three countable months in a fixed three-year period, that individual is not eligible to continue receiving SNAP benefits unless the individual:
7 CFR § 273.24(a)
NOTE: Partial months and Expedited SNAP issuances (which may include a full month) are not included in the three countable months.
ABAWD clocks keep track of the fixed three-year period and the three countable months for every individual that receives the time-limited three months of SNAP benefits. There are two ABAWD clocks:
7 CFR § 273.24(b)
1. Fixed three-year clock – a clock that counts a fixed three-year period for everyone in the state.
7 CFR § 273.24(b)(3)
The clock starts at the first day of the first month of a fixed three-year period.
The clock ends at the last day of the last month of the fixed-three year period.
The current fixed three-year period is January 1, 2021 through December 31, 2023 for the entire caseload.
Every fixed three-year fixed period, an ABAWD can begin to receive a new count of three months of benefits.
2. ABAWD clock – a clock that counts the receipt of the three countable months of time-limited benefits for each ABAWD within the current fixed three-year period.
The clock starts when an individual begins their first full month of ongoing (non-expedited) SNAP benefits and adds to the count each full month of benefits received.
7 CFR § 273.24(b)(1)(iv)
If SNAP benefits are not received each month, the clock stops.
If the benefits are received without stopping, the clock keeps track of each full month until the individual has received three full months of benefits.
The clock ends at the last day of the third month of receipt of SNAP benefits in the fixed three-year period.
Once the three countable months have been used in the current fixed three-year period, the ABAWD will not be eligible for SNAP benefits again until the new fixed three-year period begins or the ABAWD regains eligibility, meets an exemption, moves to a waived area, or starts meeting the work requirement.
7 CFR § 273.24(b)(1)
Updated June 1, 2023; Replacing March 23, 2021